Each of these areas is unique and includes many career opportunities. A term used interchangeably with floriculture is ornamental horticulture. Horticulture is divided into the cultivation of plants for food (pomology and olericulture) and plants for ornament (floriculture and landscape horticulture). Pomology deals with fruit and nut crops.
Olericulture deals with herbaceous plants for cooking, including, for example, carrots (edible root), asparagus (edible stem), lettuce (edible leaf), cauliflower (edible buds), tomatoes (edible fruit), and peas (edible seeds). Floriculture deals with the production of flowers and ornamental plants; generally, cut flowers, potted plants and vegetation. Landscape horticulture is a broad category that includes landscape plants, including lawns, but particularly nursery crops such as shrubs, trees and vines. Horticulture is essentially the science of gardening.
The landscape horticulture industry is divided into cultivation, maintenance and design. Growing plants for the landscape is called a nursery business, although a nursery generally refers to the cultivation and establishment of any young plant prior to permanent planting. The nursery industry involves the production and distribution of woody and herbaceous plants and often expands to include ornamental bulb crops, corms, tubers, rhizomes and swollen roots, as well as true bulbs. The production of cuttings for growing in greenhouses or for indoor use (foliage plants), as well as the production of bedding plants, is generally considered part of floriculture, but this distinction is fading.
While most nursery crops are ornamental, the nursery business also includes fruit plants and certain perennial vegetables used in home gardens, for example, asparagus and rhubarb. Landscapers help design and install the pool for their customers, usually with the help of a pool company. As a horticulturist, the landscape architect uses plants together with other landscape materials: stone, mortar and wood as elements of landscape design. Landscape maintenance is also often part of a landscaper's job, including mowing lawns and cutting tree branches, among other services.
Landscape plans can turn ideas into images and ensure that scale and design have been well thought out before construction. The term landscaping refers to making visual and functional improvements to existing land through the use of plants and structures. Landscape architecture originated in the design of large estates, and the family landscape remains an integral part of landscape architecture. The truth is that landscaping and horticulture have similarities, but there are some important differences that differentiate them from each other.
Horticulturists cultivate and provide fruit trees that can survive in particular environments, while landscapers plant and maintain them. Gardening and horticulture services can also be provided to public or private sector customers. Landscapers and horticulturists can suggest excellent foundation plant options to each customer based on certain aspects of their home or business. Grading involves changing the terrain of a landscape to make it more suitable for the customer's needs.
Your landscaper will create a plan for your garden that fits your needs and provides solutions to common gardening problems, such as slopes, wind, sun, or lack of space. More recently, however, landscape architecture has begun to include larger developments, such as urban and urban planning, both formal and “wild” parks, public buildings, industrial landscaping, and road and road development. Landscape Horticulture: The branch of horticulture that includes the design, construction and care of landscapes taking into account the right choice of plants and aesthetic effects for homes, businesses and public places. Landscaping also involves knowledge of construction practices because it can sometimes involve the construction and installation of structures, which is called hard landscaping.