Horticulture is a science that deals with the cultivation of plants for food, ornament, and other uses. It is divided into four main areas: pomology, olericulture, floriculture, and landscape horticulture. Each of these areas is unique and offers many career opportunities. Pomology deals with fruit and nut crops.
Olericulture deals with herbaceous plants for cooking, such as carrots, asparagus, lettuce, cauliflower, tomatoes, and peas. Floriculture deals with the production of flowers and ornamental plants, such as cut flowers, potted plants, and vegetation. Landscape horticulture is a broad category that includes landscape plants, such as lawns, shrubs, trees, and vines. The landscape horticulture industry is divided into three main areas: cultivation, maintenance, and design.
Growing plants for the landscape is called a nursery business. The nursery industry involves the production and distribution of woody and herbaceous plants. It also includes ornamental bulb crops, corms, tubers, rhizomes, swollen roots, and true bulbs. The production of cuttings for growing in greenhouses or for indoor use (foliage plants) is generally considered part of floriculture.
Landscapers help design and install pools for their customers. As a horticulturist, the landscape architect uses plants together with other landscape materials such as stone, mortar, and wood as elements of landscape design. Landscape maintenance is also often part of a landscaper's job. This includes mowing lawns and cutting tree branches.
Landscape plans can turn ideas into images and ensure that scale and design have been well thought out before construction. The term landscaping refers to making visual and functional improvements to existing land through the use of plants and structures. Landscape architecture originated in the design of large estates but has since expanded to include larger developments such as urban planning, parks, public buildings, industrial landscaping, and road development. Horticulturists cultivate and provide fruit trees that can survive in particular environments while landscapers plant and maintain them. Gardening and horticulture services can also be provided to public or private sector customers.
Landscapers and horticulturists can suggest excellent foundation plant options to each customer based on certain aspects of their home or business. Grading involves changing the terrain of a landscape to make it more suitable for the customer's needs. Your landscaper will create a plan for your garden that fits your needs and provides solutions to common gardening problems such as slopes, wind, sun or lack of space. Landscaping also involves knowledge of construction practices because it can sometimes involve the construction and installation of structures which is called hard landscaping.